Georgia (Georgian: საქართველო, Sakartvelo) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, the neighbors of Georgia are to the north Russia, to the south Turkey and Armenia, and to southeast Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city are Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometers (26,911 sq mi), and its 2017 population is about 3.718 million.
The merit of the fact that Georgia is located on the quite favorable geographical location, it creates kind of a link between Europe and Asia. In its turn, this makes Georgia the country with an outstanding and peculiar culture that differs from any culture in the world.
Georgia is said to be a land of infinite wonders what is the reason of the growth of modern tourism, but still, it maintains to retain its authentic character that makes Georgia worth to visit for many reasons. Exploring our land is an endless pleasure for visitors of any preferences. Walkers, sports lovers, botanists or archaeologists, anyone can find their own priorities. In this mystical land, you have the opportunity to visit summer and winter resorts simultaneously and fully enjoy your weekends and holidays with your family or friends.
The roots of the Georgian people extend deep in history; their cultural heritage is equally ancient and rich. The recorded history of Georgia dates back more than 4,000 years. The 1,7- million-year-old skull represents the oldest evidence of human habitation in Europe, estimating the fact of – Georgia being the homeland of the first European. The nation of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველო Sakartvelo) was first unified as a kingdom under the Bagrationi dynasty by the King Bagrat III of Georgia in the 8th to 9th century, arising from a number of predecessor states of the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia. Georgia is also one of the first world countries that adopted Christianity as the state religion in the first half of the 4th century. Georgians are members of the Georgian Orthodox Church, an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox church. In addition, there are Muslim, Russian Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, and Jewish communities.
What is interesting Georgians don’t call their country Georgia, nor do they refer to themselves and their language as Georgian! Georgians call their land Sakartvelo, their language Kartuli, and themselves as Kartvelebi.
Language & Script: Georgia’s original and highly developed culture is proved by its unique language and script. Spoken by about 5 million people worldwide, the Georgian language has an ancient literary tradition. Georgian alphabet was created in the 3rd century BC and is one of the only 14 existing scripts in the world.
The Georgian Cuisine: The cuisine of Georgia is distinguished with its variety of traditional, delicious dishes, such as “Khachapuri”, Khinkali, Mtsvadi, etc. What about our wine? It is a national feature, attracting numerous tourists from all over the world. According to archaeological researches, the earliest known wine production took place in Georgia around 7,000 BC. So, the culture of winemaking process takes place in Georgia deep in the history. Georgia is the homeland of more than 500 kinds of endemic grapes. We produce multiple varieties of high-quality wine. Wine for Georgia is not just a drink, it stands as a symbol of Georgian hospitality and represents our national spirit and long-time culture. It is also believed that the word “wine” is of Georgian origin (“Ghvino” in Georgian).
The Georgian singing and dancing culture is also rich in its history and diversity. The national performing style and traditions have been passing from generation to generation for more than 1,500 years. In 2001 UNESCO recognized our national songs as a masterpiece of oral immaterial heritage.
Visiting Georgia can make your holiday worthy to remember for the rest of your life. Here you can find another dimension of incomparable culture, long-time history, and its spirit.
Geography of Georgia – Landscape and regions
Due to its exceptional geographical location, Georgia is one of the most ecologically diverse places in the world. Despite the fact that it has a relatively small area, the country has a great number of climatic zones ranging from subtropical to alpine to semi-desert. Its topography boasts an immense number of varying landscapes.
Georgia is a very mountainous country, with the rugged Caucasus Mountains stretching across the northern third, and the Lesser Caucasus Mountains dominating the central and southern landscape.
The country’s highest point, (100% within its borders) is Mt. Kazbegi, rising to 16,558 ft. (5,047 m).
Mt. Shkhara, is a few meters higher, and its southern slopes front Georgia, but it’s mostly located in Russia, just to the southeast of Mt. Elbrus. It rises to 16,627 ft. (5,068m).
Europe’s highest point, (Mt. Elbrus) is located just over Georgia’s northern border and reaches 18,841 ft. (5,633m).
Kolkhida Lowlands front the Black Sea in the west, and numerous small rivers drain the area. The most significant rivers include Kura and Rioni.
The territory of Georgia is currently subdivided into a total of 76 municipalities—12 self-governing cities (ქალაქი, k’alak’i), including the nation’s capital of Tbilisi, and 64 communities (თემი, them). The municipalities outside Tbilisi are two autonomous republics, which are Adjara and Abkhazia are grouped, on a provisional basis, into nine regions (mkhare):
4. Kvemo Kartli
6. Racha-Lechkhumi And Kvemo Svaneti
7. Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
9. Shida Kartli.
Tbilisi itself is divided into ten districts (რაიონი, raioni).
Adjara is subdivided into 6 municipalities:
• The self-governing city of Batumi, which is the entity’s capital;
• The self-governing community of Keda;
• The self-governing community of Kobuleti;
• The self-governing community of Khelvachauri;
• The self-governing community of Shuakhevi;
• The self-governing community of Khulo.
Batumi is the administrative center of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara and also is one of two major Black Sea ports in Georgia. It is just 20 kilometers away from the state border with Turkey. It is also an established and popular tourist destination.