Abkhazia that is situated on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and It covers 8,660 square kilometers with a population of 240 000. Abkhazia has the highly mountainous area, reaching heights of over 4000m. The capital city of Abkhazia is Sukhumi. To its northwest, across the Psou River in Russia, and to its east, across the Enguri River is situated Georgia.
The largest settlements, where are concentrated the majority of the population are Sokhumi, Ochʾamchʾire, and the resort centers of Gagra and Novy Afon.
In the time of the Soviet Union, Abkhazia was an autonomous area of its the Georgian Republic. Nowadays, Abkhazia is recognized as an independent state only by Russia, Nauru, Venezuela, Nicaragua, and Syria. However, the majority of the world’s countries consider Abkhazia a part of Georgia’s territory, even though it is not under Georgian control.
The climate of the coastal strip of Abkhazia is subtropical that is conditioned by the fact that this part is protected with mountainous range. This part has very hot and humid summer and cold winter. The mild climate promotes the cultivation of tobacco, tea, wine and fruit and agriculture, food and beverage industries are among the most important economic sectors of Abkhazia. On the mountain slopes, climatic conditions are more severe.
Because of its mild climate, wonderful nature and beaches, Abkhazia was one of the most popular touristic areas back in the Soviet Union. Nowadays, it is mainly visited by Russian tourists and other CIS countries.
Abkhazia has a unique and magnificent nature, here is represented a diverse combination of the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea coast, what makes Abkhazia a fascinating destination. The highest point in Abkhazia is Mount Dombai-Ulgen, reaching 4048 meters above sea level. Abkhazia is distinguished with the existence of caves, the deepest one is Krubera that has 2080 m depth. Also, Sarma Cave (1543 m), V. Pantyukhin’s Cave in the Gagra mountain range (1480 m), Snezhnaya (Snowy) Cave in the Bzyb mountain range (1370 m), and New Athos (Novoafonskaya) Cave, with a colossal volume of 1.5 million cubic meters.
Being in Abkhazia, do not miss to visit hot springs, which you can find in 2 places: Primorskoye and Kyndyg. In the last one, you can encounter highly mineralized hot water going from the underground. The water temperature can reach 100 degrees Celsius.
One more must-visit place is Sukhumi, the main city of Abkhazia, located on the coast of the Black Sea. It is a perfect seaside resort, comprising health spa, Botanical Garden and many touristic zones. Another city that might be interesting to explore is Gagra that also has nice beaches and some historical places to visit.